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Second Workshop on Using History to Improve Undergraduate Computer Science Teaching

First Floor
Elmer L. Andersen Library
222 21st Avenue South
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, MN, 55455

April 26-28, 2002


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Janet Abbate  is a Faculty Research Scholar at the University of Maryland, College Park. She holds a B.A. from Harvard-Radcliffe and a Ph.D. in American Civilization from the University of Pennsylvania. She has taught history and social issues in science and technology at Harvard, the University of Pennsylvania, Rutgers University, and the University of Maryland. She was also a Research Associate with the Information Infrastructure Project at the Kennedy School of Government. Her publications include Inventing the Internet (MIT Press, 1999), numerous articles on the history of computer networks, and Standards Policy for Information Infrastructure (co-edited with Brian Kahin, MIT Press, 1995); her work on "Government, Business, and the Making of the Internet" was recently featured in the Business History Review. Her current research, sponsored by the National Science Foundation, is a history of women in computing, which will compare the experiences of female computer scientists and programmers in the United States and Great Britain from WWII to the 1980s.

Atsushi Akera  is a Historian of Technology and a Lecturer in the STS Department at Rensselaer. His primary research focus is on the social and institutional history of the Cold War. In his current project, Calculating a Natural World Computers, Scientists and Engineers During the Rise of American Cold War Research, he uses the history of computing as a metonymic device by which to describe broad-based changes in the institutional infrastructure for American research. Atsushi Akera received his Ph.D. in the History and Sociology of Science Department at the University of Pennsylvania in 1998. Prior to his graduate work, he had the opportunity to observe how industrial research organizations function while serving as a technology analyst at an American research consortium. His other research interests include the history of consumerism and the cultural construction of technological images.

William Aspray  is Executive Director of the Computing Research Association, an educational non-profit in Washington, DC. He holds a B.A. and M.A. in mathematics from Wesleyan University and an M.A. and Ph.D. in history of science from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He has taught mathematics and computer science at Williams College and history of science at Harvard University. He served as associate director of the Charles Babbage Institute for the History of Information Processing at the University of Minnesota and director of the IEEE Center for the History of Electrical Engineering at Rutgers University. He was also director of graduate studies in the history of technology, medicine, and science in the Rutgers history department. He has taught courses in the history of computing at Harvard, Minnesota, and Penn. His writings on the history of computing include John von Neumann and the Origins of Modern Computing (MIT Press, 1990) and Computer A History of the Information Machine (Basic Books, 1996, with Martin Campbell-Kelly, commissioned by the Sloan Foundation). Since 1981 he has co-edited with Bernard Cohen the MIT Press Series in the History of Computing. His current research focuses on contemporary information technology policy issues, the history of IT policy, and the history of academic computer science.

Thomas J. (Tim) Bergin  is Professor of Computer Science and Information Systems at the American University in Washington, D.C. He is the author/editor of four books, including History of Programming Languages, Addison-Wesley/ACM Press (1984) and Fifty Years of Army Computing from ENIAC to MSRC, Ordnance Press, 2000. He started his career in 1966 as a systems analyst with the US Veterans Administration and joined the AU faculty in 1982. He presently serves as Editor-in-Chief of the IEEE Annals of the History of Computing and as Director of the Computing History Museum at American University. He has taught the History of Computing at AU for 12 years; as part of a multi-year grant from the Sloan Foundation, his team created the web site that will be the focus of his talk

Gordon Davies  is a Senior Lecturer at the Open University, Milton Keynes, England. He has a BSc from the University of Liverpool and a Masters degree from the University of London. He was a lecturer at University College London for many years before joining the Open University in 1984. He served as Chair of the Computing Department at the Open University for seven years until March 2000. He has contributed to many Open University distance-learning courses in Computing, taking a particular interest in the use of broadcast television to enhance the teaching of the discipline. From 1997 to 2001, he was a member of the ACM SIGCSE Board and represented ACM as a member of the Curriculum 2001 Steering Committee, receiving ACM Recognition of Service awards in 1998 and 2001. He is chair of IFIP Working Group 3.6 Distance Learning and in 1998 received an IFIP Silver Core award.

Thomas Drucker teaches mathematics and computer science at the University of Wisconsin--Whitewater. He has taught history of science as well at Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. He was one of the founding editors of Modern Logic, a journal devoted to the history of mathematical logic, and serves as editor of the Bulletin for the Canadian Society for the History and Philosophy of Mathematics. In 1991 Birkhauser published Perspectives on the History of Mathematical Logic under his editorship. Among the challenges about which he has written is that of doing justice to issues of historical truth while using history in the mathematics classroom.

John Impagliazzo  holds doctorate and master degrees in mathematics and a master's degree in engineering. Impagliazzo joined Hofstra's computer science department in 1984 and served as its department chair for six years. He has authored or co-authored several books that include a graduate text in mathematical demography by Springer-Verlag. His current activities within ACM include chair of its accreditation committee, which he has held for ten years, and editor-in-chief of inroads-the SIGCSE Bulletin, a position he has held since 1997. He is a commissioner and team chair for the Computing Accreditation Commission of ABET. His recent interests lie in the history of computing. He led the IFIP joint task group to produce the "History in the Computing Curriculum" report. He currently chairs the IFIP Working Group 9.7 (History of Computing) and through IFIP, plans to hold targeted computing history conferences in different countries, an activity that has received very encouraging responses.

Elisabeth Kaplan  is archivist of the Charles Babbage Institute at the University of Minnesota, and reviews editor of The American Archivist, journal of the Society of American Archivists. She holds an MA in History and Archival Methods and a BA in History from the University of Massachusetts, Boston, and partial course work toward an MLIS in Library and Information Science from Simmons College Graduate School. Kaplan has worked in the special collections department at Iowa State University, the Institute Archives of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the Audiovisual Department of the John F. Kennedy Library. Her publications include "Many paths to partial truths a practical approach to postmodernism," Archival Science International Journal of Recorded Information, forthcoming; "Realizing the concept a history of the CBI archives," co-author, IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, 234 (October-December, 2001); "We are what we collect, we collect what we are archives and the construction of identity," American Archivist, 622, (spring 2000); "Mind and sight visual literacy and the archivist," co-author, in American Archival Studies Readings in Theory and Practice. Randall C. Jimerson, ed., Chicago Scarecrow Press, 2000. Her current research involves the role of information technology in the construction of archival professional identity in the early postwar era.

John A.N. (JAN) Lee  is a Fellow of the ACM and Professor of Computer Science at Virginia Tech, teaching courses related to programming languages, software engineering, and professionalism. His formal education was in the field of Applied Sciences, but was converted to the then un-named field of Computer Science through circumstances in 1959. He founded the Computer Science programs at both Queen's University at Kingston (Canada) and the University of Massachusetts/Amherst, before moving onto Virginia Tech to establish the graduate program. He was the author of the first US textbook on compiler design (The Anatomy of a Compiler) and most recently published a collection of biographies entitled Computer Pioneers. He served as the Editor-in-Chief of the Annals of the History of Computing 1987-1995 and was responsible for the establishment of the journal as an IEEE Computer Society publication. His current work concentrates on adapting active learning techniques to web-based courses.

Joyce Currie Little  is Professor, Department of Computer & Information Sciences, at Towson University. She received the BS degree in 1957 from Northeast Louisiana University, the MS in 1963 from California State University at San Diego, and the PhD in 1984 at the University of Maryland College Park. She first entered the workforce as a mathematician/test engineer in the aerospace industry, and has been active as a practitioner, a computer center manager, a teacher, a writer, and an advocate for women in computing. She was instrumental in the early development of courses in computer science, first for baccalaureate degree programs in computer science, later for guidelines for associate degree programs, and more recently for information systems programs. Joyce developed courses in computer ethics and social impact for computer science majors and has been teaching in that area for many years. She also designed several new junior level courses for non-majors in Science, Technology, and Society. She served on the ACM committee to revise the Code of Ethics, and later was on the IEEE-CS committee to develop the Software Engineering Code of Ethics She co-chaired several international ACM ITiCSE summer conference collaborative groups, publishing working group papers with class exercises. Her interests include computing education, computer ethics, history of computing, software engineering, systems analysis/design, and computer personnel research.

Arthur L. Norberg  holds the ERA Land-Grant Chair in History of Technology and is Professor of History of Science and Technology and Director of the Charles Babbage Institute in the University of Minnesota. An historian of science and technology, his research interests include the relations among science, technology, and industry; the federal government's role in stimulating scientific and technological development; history of information processing; and the contexts for American technological development in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. In several projects directed toward the enhancement of documentary materials for research in history of science and technology, he has addressed a number of issues related to sources for historical study theme-related archival development (history of electronics, history of the nuclear sciences, history of computing); the nature of resources for historical studies (archives and manuscripts, business records, oral history); and historical research on topics in science and technology and on the way their results are used in society. He is co-author with Judy E. O'Neill of Transforming Computer Technology Information Processing for the Pentagon, 1962-1986, (Baltimore, MD Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996), and among other articles, author of "Punched-Card Machinery and the Spread of Mechanical Computation," Technology and Culture, 31(October 1990)753-779 and "New Engineering Companies and the Evolution of the United States Computer Industry," Bus. Eco. His., 22(1993)181-93.

Steve Russ  has been a Lecturer in Computer Science at the University of Warwick since 1987. His research interests and teaching began with work in logic and formal specification though in recent years he has been much involved, through publications and research students, with the foundations and the applications of a novel approach to computing known as Empirical Modelling that has been developed at Warwick (see He is now working on broadening this technical approach into a perspective (Human Computing) that includes conventional computing but is also embedded in related fields such as psychology, education, philosophy and the history of science. His research interests include the history of mathematics and computing; he was President of the British Society for the History of Mathematics from 1994-6. Currently he is working on completing a major volume of translations, 'The Mathematical Works of Bernard Bolzano', for Oxford University Press.

Michael Williams  holds a BSc in Chemistry from the University of Alberta and a PhD in Computer Science from the University of Glasgow. In 1969 he joined the University of Calgary, first in the Department of Mathematics then as a Professor of Computer Science until 2001. It was while working at Glasgow that he acquired a interest in the history of computing, something which has developed over the years into his main research and teaching interest. He has participated in the publishing of 8 books, 73 articles, 46 technical reviews, delivered 66 invited lectures in several different subject areas and has been involved in the creation of 8 different radio, television, and museum productions. During his career he has had the opportunity to work for extended periods at several different universities and at the National Museum of American History (Smithsonian Institution). Besides his work as Editor-in-Chief for the journal The Annals of the History of Computing, he has worked closely with the IEEE History Committee (serving as its chairman in 1994 and 1995), the IEEE History Center, and is a member of editorial boards concerned with publishing material in the area of the history of computing. He has received the C.C. Gotlieb Award "In recognition of Outstanding Contributions to the Canadian Information Processing Society and to the Profession on CIPS behalf" and the University of Calgary, Faculty of Science, Award of Excellence for Consistently Outstanding Contributions in Teaching. He has recently joined the Computer History Museum in California as Head Curator.